A triangle is a closed polygon having three sides, three internal angles. While studying geometry and measurement, you can across some properties of a triangle that makes the concept more interesting. Here we are giving one of the isosceles triangle theorems that states that sides opposite to the equal angles of a triangle are equal. Check the following sections to know more about the concept.
Prove That Sides Opposite to the Equal Angles of a Triangle are Equal
Here we will prove that the sides opposite to the equal angles of a triangle are equal. We have already given the proof for the theorem Angles Opposite to Equal Sides of an Isosceles Triangle are Equal.
Consider a triangle ABC, ∠CAB = ∠CBA
We have to prove AC = BC
Construction: Draw the bisector CD of ∠BCA so that it meets AB at a point D.
|In ∆ACD and ∆BCD
∠CAB = ∠CBA
∠CAD = ∠CBD
CD = CD
CD bisects ∠ACB
|∆BCD ≅ ∆ACD||AAS Criterion|
|AC = AD||CPCT|
More Related Articles:
- The Three Angles of an Equilateral Triangle are Equal
- Application of Congruency of Triangles
- Problems on Congruency of Triangles
Solved Example Questions
If a : b : c = 2 : 3 : 4 and s = 27 inches, find the area of the triangle ABC.
a : b : c = 2 : 3 : 4
Let a = 2x, b = 3x, c = 4x
a + b + c = 2x + 3x + 4x = 9x
Therefore, 9x = 2s
9x = 2 x 27
x = 6
Therefore, the lengths of three sides are 2 x 6 = 12 inches, 3 x 6 = 18 inches, 4 x 6 = 24 inches.
Area of the triangle ABC = √(s(s – a)(s – b)(s – c))
= √(27(27 – 12)(27 – 18)(27 – 24))
= √(27 x 15 x 9 x 3)
= 27√15 sq inches
Find x° from the below figures.
In ∆XYZ, XY = XZ.
angles opposite to equal sides of an isosceles triangle are equal
Therefore, ∠XYZ = ∠XZY = x°
∠YXZ + ∠XYZ + XZY = 180°
84° + x° + x° = 180°
2x° = 180° – 84° = 96
x° = 48°
FAQ’s on Isosceles Triangle Theorem
1. When two sides of the triangle are equal two of its angles are also?
In an isosceles triangle, if two sides of a triangle are equal, then two of its angles are also equal.
2. When the sides of one triangle are equal to the side of another triangle?
Two triangles are congruent if all the sides of one triangle are equivalent to the corresponding sides of another triangle?
3. What is the meaning of angle opposite to equal sides?
In an isosceles triangle, the angles opposite to equal sides are equal.